Road freight transportation from Ukraine to Europe and back is a popular service of shipping companies. International cargo transportation is formed based on the destinations of finished products. Kremenchuk, Cherkasy, Nikopol, Kyiv, Poltava, Ivano-Frankivsk are the main industrial centers from which supplies of raw materials, equipment, tubing, chemicals, road equipment, logging are carried out. Customs clearance process is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- cargo insurance;
- customs clearance.
The stages of foreign economic activity may include storage in TSW (temporary storage warehouses), where detained goods are awaiting confirmation of the quality certificate and other important documentation. Cargo transportation in Europe includes the following types of delivery from a manufacturer to a consignee:
- groupage cargo;
- goods or raw materials packed in containers;
- liquid cargo in tanks.
On the territory of Europe, there are no borders between the EU countries, so trucks quickly transport goods between countries: Germany, France, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Poland, Czech Republic, Greece.
The delivery of cargo to the consignee’s ramp takes place at the exact time specified, so the period of loading and unloading works does not last long. LUW (loading and unloading works) are mechanized as much as possible. Means of small mechanization operate in warehouses, which accelerate the process of loading and unloading goods from trucks.
The efficient organization of cargo transportation across Europe can reduce the delivery time to several hours. This is due to the high speed of truck movement on the autobahn, the absence of obstacles on bypass roads, the presence of junctions at crossings, two-level bridges, flyovers, tunnels.